“Nature and Nature’s law lay hid in night, God said, “Let Newton be”, and all was light” . Alexander Pope.
Newton and Leibniz had a ‘tumultuous” relationship about the idea of space (Henry Louis Gates, Skip, Jr., being “profiled” by a non-apolegetic white sergeant of the Cambridge police force, reportedly, was taken to the can for ‘tumultuous behaviour’). As one can read in the “A collection of papers which passed between the late learned Mr. Leibniz and Dr. Clarke in the years 1715 and 1716 relating to the principles of natural philosophy and religion. By Samuel Clarke, London 1717′, for Mr. Newton, space-and time- were the very framework of reality: absolute attributes of God (following Cassirer 1943 delightful paper on Newton and Leibniz: The Philosophical Review. 1943. 52: 366-391). In Newton’s mind, atoms with abolute properties move in a landascpe of abolute time and space. For Leibnitz they are not separate existences, but only merely relative: “In order to have an idea of place, and consequently of space (?), it is sufficient to consider relations and the rules of their changes without needing to fancy any absolute reality out of the things whose situation we consider” (Leibniz, 5th paper to Clarke, sect 47, p. 199). For Leibniz, space is the “order of coexistences’-time-: the “order of successions”. Enter Lee S., but later, i’m exhausted.